### Some semilattices of definable sets in continuous logic

#### Abstract

In continuous first-order logic, the union of definable sets is definable but generally the intersection is not. This means that in any continuous theory, the collection of $\varnothing$-definable sets in one variable forms a join-semilattice under inclusion that may fail to be a lattice. We investigate the question of which semilattices arise as the collection of definable sets in a continuous theory. We show that for any non-trivial finite semilattice $L$ (or, equivalently, any finite lattice $L$), there is a superstable theory $T$ whose semilattice of definable sets is $L$. We then extend this construction to some infinite semilattices. In particular, we show that the following semilattices arise in continuous theories: $\alpha+1$ and $(\alpha+1)^\ast$ for any ordinal $\alpha$, a semilattice containing an exact pair above $\omega$, and the lattice of filters in $L$ for any countable meet-semilattice $L$. By previous work of the author, this establishes that these semilattices arise in stable theories. The first two are done in languages of cardinality $\aleph_0 + |\alpha|$, and the latter two in countable languages.

#### Keywords

semilattices; definable sets; continuous logic; topometric spaces

#### Full Text:

3. [PDF]DOI: https://doi.org/10.4115/jla.2024.16.3

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Journal of Logic and Analysis ISSN: 1759-9008